The Catacombs

The Catacombs

The Catacombs are underground cemeteries. The most famous are Christian ones, even though there are examples related to other religions, in fact the Etruscans and the Jews used to bury their dead in underground chambers. The Christians recreated this practice abandoning the use of pagan cremation. The Catacombs were usually dug into the tuff rock, typically easy to work with, developing into even on several floors. They were always built outside the city, as an urban burial was forbidden by Roman law for religious reasons and hygiene. The land on which they were built was privately owned.

They consist of low, narrow and long tunnels, called “ambulatory”, which extend from seven to thirty feet below the surface, with a height and a width of about 2.5 m. The different levels are connected via steep steps. In the walls of the ambulatory are excavated tombs, called “niches” which have a height of 40-60 cm and a length varying from 120 to 150 cm, had the function to receive the bodies of the dead wrapped in sheets of linen or places in stone sarcophagi. The ambulatories may be interspersed, as well with most commonly niches , even with “cubicles” (small rooms to house the tombs of a family or association) or “crypts” (usually containing the tomb of a martyr).

You can also find tombs crowned by an arch, called “arcosolium” and intended for nobles, martyrs and popes. The graves were closed with mortar and a marble slab or, otherwise, with terracotta tiles. On the plate (or on the tiles) was engraved the name, age and date of death of the deceased, often to such information, a religious or symbolic inscription was added. The light and air, within the Catacombs, filters through the vertical square shafts , called “lucernari”.

To enter to the holy places, please wear appropriate clothing
We recommend wearing comfortable shoes

For more information on how to book tickets to the Catacombs, archaeological sites and the major museums of visit the  Rome Museum web site or call us at (+39) 055-713655.
Available Entrance TicketsGuided Group ToursPrivate Guided Tours.
You may also like: Colosseum – Quintili Villa – Thermae of Caracalla

 

Schedule.  Open every day except Wednesday, from 09.00 am to 12.00 am and from 02.00 pm to 05.00 pm. It will be closed during the winter, from January 24th to February 20th

Address  Via Appia Antica 110/126, Rome.

Related Posts

The Catacombs
The Borghese Gallery Private tour
The Catacombs
Il Tour Privato della Galleria Borghese
The Catacombs
The Colosseum Guided Tour, types of Guided Tours
The Catacombs
The Guided Tour of the Catacombs
The Catacombs
Papal Audience Guided Tour
The Catacombs
Classical Rome Guided Tour
The Catacombs
Guided tour of Naples and Pompeii
The Catacombs
Baroque Rome Private Tour – Squares and Fountains
The Catacombs
Private visit to the Colosseum and the Roman Forum
The Catacombs
From Caravaggio to Bernini 17th century masterpieces
The Catacombs
Colosseum Night Opening “The Moon over the Coliseum 2017”
The Catacombs
Leonardo da Vinci Experience in Rome, the permanent exhibition
The Catacombs
St. Peter’s Basilica, Dome and Vatican Mosaic Studio Private tour
The Catacombs
St. Peter’s Basilica and Dome Private Guided Tours
The Catacombs
Guided private tour ‘The Great Beauty’, Best Foreign Film
The Catacombs
Vatican Gardens entrance ticket
The Catacombs
St. Peter’s Basilica entrance ticket
The Catacombs
Entradas para los Museos del Vaticano
The Catacombs
Vatican Museums entrance ticket
The Catacombs
Entradas para las Catacumbas
The Catacombs
The Catacombs entrance ticket
The Catacombs
National Roman Museum entrance ticket
The Catacombs
Entradas para la Galería Borghese
The Catacombs
The Borghese Gallery entrance ticket
The Catacombs
Colosseum entrance ticket
The Catacombs
La ciudad de Tivoli
The Catacombs
Los Jardines del Vaticano
The Catacombs
The Vatican Gardens
The Catacombs
La Basílica de San Pedro
The Catacombs
The St. Peter’s Basilica
The Catacombs
El Panteón en Roma
The Catacombs
The Pantheon in Rome
The Catacombs
Los Museos del Vaticano
The Catacombs
The Vatican Museums
The Catacombs
The city of Tivoli
The Catacombs
The Quintili’s Villa
The Catacombs
The Tomb of Cecilia Metella
The Catacombs
The Thermae of Caracalla
The Catacombs
The Roman National Museum
The Catacombs
The Borghese Gallery
The Catacombs
The Colosseum or Flavian Amphitheater
The Catacombs
Cenci Carnival sweets are also called “chiacchiere”
The Catacombs
Entrance ticket to Castel Sant’Angelo
The Catacombs
The Vatican Necropolis, Via Triumphalis
The Catacombs
Thermae of Caracalla entrance ticket
The Catacombs
The Tomb of Cecilia Metella entrance ticket
The Catacombs
Quintili’s Villa entrance ticket
The Catacombs
Information about Rome
The Catacombs
What do Raphael’s Rooms hide in the Vatican Museums?
The Catacombs
Tour Guidato Privato del Film ‘La Grande Bellezza’
The Catacombs
Audioguides for the Colosseum
The Catacombs
Guided Tour Illuminated Rome – Mysteries and Legends
The Catacombs
Hotel in Rome for Valentine’s Day 2014
The Catacombs
Prevendita Audioguide al Colosseo
The Catacombs
Ingresso alla Cupola di San Pietro
The Catacombs
La Luna sul Colosseo Apertura Straordinaria Serale 6-7-8 Dicembre 2013
The Catacombs
Colosseum Special Opening 6-7-8 December 2013
The Catacombs
Colosseum Night Opening 2013
The Catacombs
La Basilica di San Pietro
The Catacombs
I Giardini Vaticani
The Catacombs
Biglietto d’ingresso alle Terme di Caracalla
The Catacombs
La Galleria Borghese
The Catacombs
Entrance to the St. Peter’s Dome
The Catacombs
The Christmas holidays in the Museums of Rome
The Catacombs
Constantine 313 d. C. Exhibition at the Colosseum
The Catacombs
HOW DO YOU BOOK A PRIVATE TOUR TO ROME?
The Catacombs
Titian at the Quirinal Stables
The Catacombs
Roman Forum Night Opening, from August 9 to October 25 2013

Leave Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *