Filippo Brunelleschi: the protagonist of the early Italian Renaissance
Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1466) was the true protagonist of the Italian Early Renaissance.
In 1398 he asked to be admitted as a goldsmith in the corporation of the Art of Silk of Florence. Along with Donatello, he traveled to Rome where he was struck by the majesty of buildings and the perfection of the bodies of classical sculptures.
Returning to Florence around 1415, Brunelleschi sculpted the subject of the Crucifix that is now in the inside of the Church of Santa Maria Novella in Florence. The architectural production of Brunelleschi began in 1418 when he participated, together with others, in the competition for the Dome of Santa Maria del Fiore, or the Florence Cathedral.
The following year he designed the Spedale degli Innocenti and in 1421 reconstructed the Church of San Lorenzo in Florence, on behalf of the Medici family, with the wonderful Old Sacristy built between 1420 and 1427.
The last projects of Brunelleschi were the Chapel of the Pazzi (in the Church of Santa Croce), the Church of Santo Spirito and the project for the central part of Palazzo Pitti, whose accomplishments took place after his death.
Thanks to the protagonist of the early Italian Renaissance, Filippo Brunelleschi and the Medici family, Florence experienced a period of genuine revival in which the main buildings that today make the Cradle of the Renaissance were designed and built by many artists well known nowadays.
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